- Spencer, Herbert
- (1820-1903)Philosopher, b. at Derby, the s. of a teacher, from whom, and from his uncle, mentioned below, he received most of his education. His immediate family circle was strongly Dissenting in its theological atmosphere, his f., originally a Methodist, having become a Quaker, while his mother remained a Wesleyan. At 13 he was sent to the care of his uncle, Thomas S., a clergyman, near Bath, but a Radical and anti-corn-law agitator. Declining a Univ. career he became a school assistant, but shortly after accepted a situation under the engineer of the London and Birmingham railway, in which he remained until the great railway crisis of 1846 threw him out of employment. Previous to this he had begun to write political articles in the Nonconformist; he now resolved to devote himself to journalism, and in 1848 was appointed sub-ed. of the Economist. Thereafter he became more and more absorbed in the consideration of the problems of sociology and the development of the doctrine of evolution as applied thereto, gradually leading up to the completion of a system of philosophy which was the work of his life. His fundamental proposition is that society, like the individual, is an organism subject to evolution, and the scope of this idea is gradually expanded so as to embrace in its sweep the whole range of cognisible phenomena. Among the books which he pub. in exposition of his views may be mentioned Social Statics (1850), Principles of Psychology (1855), First Principles (1862), Principles of Biology (1867), Data of Ethics (1879), Principles of Sociology (1877), Political Institutions (1882), and Man versus the State (1884). His works have been translated into most European languages--some of them into Chinese and Japanese. The most characteristic qualities of S. as a thinker are his powers of generalisation and analysis. He left an autobiography, in which he subjects his own personality to analysis with singular detachment of mind.Life by David Duncan, LL.D., Life by A.J. Thompson. See also Outlines of Cosmic Philosophy, Fishe (1874), and books on S. and his philosophy by Hudson (1894), White (1897), and Macpherson (1890).
Short biographical dictionary of English literature . John W. Cousin. 2011.
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Spencer Herbert — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = name = Spencer Herbert honorific suffix = imagesize = small caption = order = office = Vancouver Parks Board Commissioner term start = term end = birth date = birth date and age|1981|05|15 birth place =… … Wikipedia
Spencer, Herbert — born April 27, 1820, Derby, Derbyshire, Eng. died Dec. 8, 1903, Brighton, Sussex English sociologist and philosopher, advocate of the theory of social Darwinism. His System of Synthetic Philosophy, 9 vol. (1855–96), held that the physical,… … Universalium
Spencer, Herbert — (1820 1903) The Victorian prophet of Social Darwinism , who was famous in his time, and especially admired in the United States. Many of his ideas have entered Western culture as conventional wisdoms or at least as conventional prejudices yet few … Dictionary of sociology
Spencer, Herbert — (1820–1903) English philosopher of evolution. Spencer was born in Derby of radical Wesleyan parents, and suffered a sporadic education, leaving him largely self taught. His early individualism is recorded in the story that, having been sent to… … Philosophy dictionary
Spencer, Herbert — ► (1820 1903) Filósofo británico. Fundador de la filosofía evolucionista en Gran Bretaña. * * * (27 abr. 1820, Derby, Derbyshire, Inglaterra–8 dic. 1903, Brighton, Sussex). Sociólogo y filósofo inglés, exponente del darwinismo social. En System… … Enciclopedia Universal
SPENCER, HERBERT — systematiser and unifier of scientific knowledge up to date, born at Derby, son of a teacher, who early inoculated him with an interest in natural objects, though he adopted at first the profession of a railway engineer, which in about eight… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Spencer,Herbert — Spen·cer (spĕnʹsər), Herbert. 1820 1903. British philosopher who attempted to apply the theory of evolution to philosophy and ethics in his series Synthetic Philosophy (1855 1893). * * * … Universalium
SPENCER, Herbert — (1820 1903) English POSITIVIST philosopher, sociologist and LIBERAL who was the dominant intellectual figure in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Applying DARWIN S views to SOCIETY, he developed a PHILOSOPHY of PROGRESS expressed in… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Спенсер Герберт / Spencer, Herbert — (1820 1903). Спенсер считал ассоцианизм непреложным принципом психологии. Он и его современник Александр Бен, являлись ярчайшими представителями английского ассоцианизма … Психологическая энциклопедия
Spencer — Spencer, Herbert … Philosophy dictionary